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Muro

muro, mallorca (majorca)There is evidence of people living in caves around Muro about 2500 BC while there are remains of a walled enclosure at Son Perera Vell, east of the village. Romans also lived in the area but the name Muro comes from the Arabic name for fortification wall; Muruh because the local Mares sandstone was perfect for building. Quarries are found all around the area and there are several next to the roundabout on the road to Sa Pobla where there is a statue of a quarryman.

While Muro is now a thriving village, back in the 13th Century it was a dangerous place to live. The nearby Albufera swamps came up to the edge of the village and the brackish water attracted mosquitoes and marsh fever was rife. While the villagers left from time to time, but they kept returning.

An attempt was made to re-establish the village at the end of the 13th Century and the fimuro, mallorca (majorca)rst Church of Saint John the Baptist dates from this time. The people worked together to build their community and while the farmers provided livestock and food, the tradesmen made what they could. Everything was shared and guilds secured incomes, supported shops and provided training facilities.

By working together the farmers were able to drain part of the marshes and take advantage of the rich land. See the Albufera webpage for more information on the wetlands. By the beginning of the 17th Century the church was rebuilt to accommodate the growing community while the free-standing bell tower dates from later. A statue of a small boy by the sculptor Pere Pujol stands outside the front door of the church.

In 1584 the Hermitage of Santa Anna was rebuilt to accommodate the Order of the Minims. The convent can still be found in Convent Square and it now houses the Miquel Tortell Municipal School of Music. There is also Sant Vicenç Ferrer hermitage on the Inca road where the villagers still gather on Easter Monday to remember the tradition of handing out bread to the poor.

At the beginning of the 20th Century the townspeople wanted a bullring and the decision was made to dig a new quarry and sell the stone to raise money to build. The actual ring would be in the quarry while the service buildings would be erected around the lip. The plan was to use some of the stone to clad the seating but it was too poor quality and new stone had to be bought and imported. Once Muro bullring was completed it became an important location on the bullfighting calendar.

Check out more information on Muro on the council website at www.ajmuro.net.


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