Pueblo Espanyol, or Spanish Town, can be found hidden away in the western suburbs of Palma. While it is a little difficult to find, persevere with the road signs if you want to discover the delights of Spanish architecture and culture.
The complex was designed by Fernando Chueca Goitia and was built between 1965 and 1967. It is surrounded by an Arabic style wall with towers and gates and once inside its huge gatehouse you will find a maze of buildings, plazas and streets. While some of the buildings are copies of famous Spanish buildings, others are not so well known, because they were chosen to demonstrate the diverse architecture of the country.
We pass through a copy of the Puerta de Bisgara Nueva in Toledo, the original of which was built in 1559 by Alonso de Covarrubias for Charles V . The two storey courtyard has a map of the town and ceramic tiles of all the provinces of Spain. What follows is a brief description of some of the buildings you will find inside, roughly in the order you will find them (the numbers refer to the guide map you are given).
3. The original of the Cristo de los Faroles, or Christ of Lanterns, is in Cordoba and it was designed in 1794 by sculptor Juan Navarro León.
5. The Patio de los Arrayanes, or Courtyard of the Myrtles, and its reflecting pool are copies of what you find in the Alhambra, the 14th Moorish palace in the hills above Granada.
8. San Antonio de la Florida's Hermitage, the last resting place of the great Spanish artist Goya. The original was built in Madrid in 1798 and the ceiling frescos were painted by the great man.
11. The original of the Church of Saint Felix is in the town of Torralba de Ribota, west of Zaragoza. It is a fabulous example of a medieval Aragonese church.
10. Part of the facade of the Palacio de la Diputacion (or Generalitat) in Barcelona. The original has housed the offices of the Presidency of the Generalitat de Catalunya since 1400.
12. The 14th Century facade and 18th Century tower of Santa Catalina Church which stands in the centre of Valencia's old town.
14. Bergara Town Hall in Guipuzcoa Province, northern Spain.
16. The Torre del Oro, or Tower of Gold, of Seville. The original 13th Century three storey tower served as both prison and treasury.
19. The Hermitage of Cristo de la Luz, or Christ of the Light, was built as the Bab-al-Mardum Mosque when the Moors occupied Toledo. Legend has it that when Alfonso VI captured the city in 1085 his horse knelt before the building as a shaft of light illuminated a hidden figurine of Christ.
20, The Puerta de Toledo, or Toledo Gate, of Ciudad Real. The town was surrounded by a wall in the 14th Century and it had over 130 towers; this gate is a reproduction of one of the main gates.
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